Biodisel dari Minyak Nyamplung (Callophyllum inophyllum) dan Spiritus dengan Katalisator Kapur Tohor

Tjukup Marnoto, Tjukup and Endang Sulistyowati, Endang (2011) Biodisel dari Minyak Nyamplung (Callophyllum inophyllum) dan Spiritus dengan Katalisator Kapur Tohor. Jurnal Natur Indonesia, 13 (2). pp. 112-117. ISSN 1410-9379

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    Abstract

    Production of biodiesel has been done by many institutions; however the materials used are usually competed with food such as palm oil, therefore it has lesser economical value. The use of Callophyllum inophyllum plant in Indonesia is very limited and the seeds are usually thrown away the contain high oil relatively. This plant is relatively easy to grow and has seasonal fruiting mostly planted as shading plant in rural area and also as land slide resisting plant. The plant is normally utilized for light construction and burning wood. The technology for producing biodiesel is simple and can be easily introduced to the society. Biodiesel produced from easily obtained and low cost materials will improve a society's energy independency and well-being. This paper presents the process of producing biodiesel from Callophyllum inophyllum oil and rubbing alcohol using superficial lime (CaO) as the solid catalyst that is cheap and easily obtained, therefore this technology can be easily transferred to the society and will improve the economical value of the plant. Referring to the varieties used, relatively good condition was at 1:3 mol ratio of Callophyllum inophyllum oil to rubbing alcohol and the amount of catalyst used was 0.3-0.5% of the rubbing alcohol. Physical characteristics of the produced biodisel were such as specific gravity at 60/60°F was 0.870, flash point P.M.cc was 195°C and pour point was 4°C.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: 600 Teknologi
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknologi Industri > Teknik Kimia
    Depositing User: Tjukup marnoto
    Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2012 13:36
    Last Modified: 25 Jan 2012 13:36
    URI: http://repository.upnyk.ac.id/id/eprint/1842

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