Penyisihan Karbohidrat dari Limbah Cair PKS dengan Bioreaktor Hibrid Anaerob Bermedia Cangkang Sawit

Ahmad, Adrianto and Yelmida, Yelmida and Arjunita, Arjunita (2011) Penyisihan Karbohidrat dari Limbah Cair PKS dengan Bioreaktor Hibrid Anaerob Bermedia Cangkang Sawit. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia “Kejuangan” 2011, - (-). C03 -1. ISSN 1693 – 4393

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Abstract

Carbohydrates in liquid waste palm oil industry contained concentration of 2.000 mg/L. If the liquid waste directly discharged into the waters will contaminate aquatic ecosystems. Handling liquid waste palm oil industry using by a anaerobic hybrid bioreactor. Anaerobic hybrid bioreactor is a combination of suspended growth and attached growth systems with palm shell as attachment media. Bioreactor operated by varying the hydraulic retention time (HRT) in 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days. Parameters was observed in this research are the amount of the allowance and the hydrolysis rate constant (kh) total and soluble carbohydrates of liquid waste palm oil industry. The results showed that the removal efficiency and the hydrolysis rate constant (kh), total and soluble carbohydrates on HRT 1 to 5 days the increases percentage. On 1 day of HRT the efficiency total of removal carbohydrate is 66,18% with kh 0,06 day-1 and soluble carbohydrate 69,86%, with kh 0,064 day-1 increased to 79,86% for total carbohydrate removal kh 0,135 day-1 and soluble carbohydrate 81,36%, with kh 0,143 day-1 on HRT 5 days. The results showed that 4 days of HRT provide the highest removal efficiency with the hydraulic time optimum 78,42% and 80,23% and the value of a total carbohydrate kh is 0,104 day-1 with kh soluble 0,107 day-1. Keywords: anaerobic hybrid bioreactor, shell oil, hydrolysis, carbohydrat.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: 600 Teknologi
Divisions: Fakultas Teknologi Industri > Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: Adianto Birowo
Date Deposited: 27 May 2011 07:21
Last Modified: 11 May 2015 03:44
URI: http://repository.upnyk.ac.id/id/eprint/332

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