Tjukup Marnoto, Tjukup and Gogot Haryono, Gogot and Dewi Gustinah, Dewi and Fendy Artha Putra, Fendy (2012) EKSTRAKSI TANNIN SEBAGAI BAHAN PEWARNA ALAMI DARI TANAMAN PUTRIMALU (MIMOSA PUDICA) MENGGUNAKAN PELARUT ORGANIK. REAKTOR, 14 (1). pp. 39-45. ISSN 0852-0798
EXTRACTION OF TANNINS AS NATURAL DYES FROM PUTRIMALU (MIMOSA PUDICA) PLANT USING VARIOUS ORGANIC SOLVENTS. Public awareness on using natural dyes has encouraged the extraction of tannins from putrimalu. Extraction was performed continuously using a Soxhlet apparatus. The parameter studied was the influence of solvent polarity on the amount of tannin and mass transfer coefficient. Tannin was extracted from ten grams of dried putrimalu plants using polar solvents (ethanol, acetone and methanol) and a non-polar solvent (n-hexane). Extraction is considered complete when the concentration of tannins in the liquid is no longer changing with time. Liquid samples were withdrawn every 20 minutes interval for tannin analyses using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). The results showed that the maximum concentration of tannins in the extract (g/mL) when extraction were performed using n-hexane was 0.0031,acetone (0.016), methanol (0.0274) and ethanol (0.044). From extract yield and mass transfer coefficient point of views, it can be concluded that the best solvent is ethanol. The relationship between tannin concentration in the ethanol 96% solvent and the time was expressed in term of mathematical equations CAL=1.046(1-e-0.0213t) with error was 3.6%. Where CAL is the concentration of tannins in the solvent (g/ml) and t is the extraction time (minutes).
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