Biogasoline Production from Methyl EsterBiogasoline Production from Methyl Ester with Sulfuric Acid Catalyst

IGS, Budiaman and IK, Subawa and F, Zulkarnain and s, Aida Biogasoline Production from Methyl EsterBiogasoline Production from Methyl Ester with Sulfuric Acid Catalyst. Biogasoline Production from Methyl EsterBiogasoline Production from Methyl Ester with Sulfuric Acid Catalyst. (Submitted)

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (166Kb) | Preview

    Abstract

    According to the achievement of automotive technology recently, the consumption of fuel oil such as gasoline, kerosene and diesel oil, significantly increase. This phenomenon motivates a study for investigating alternative fuels instead of petroleum oil-based energy. One of these alternative fuels is biogasoline as results of cracking methyl ester as renewable energy sources. In this study biogasoline produced by cracking of methyl ester. The cracking was performed using sulfuric acid catalyst (H2SO4). Reactant on various ratio (by volume) with the catalyst of 150:1, 125:1, 100:1, 75:1, 50:1, and without catalyst, injected into plug flow reactor (PFR) by spraying it. Initial condition of the feed was the liquid phase at the pressure of 1 atm and the temperature of 30 oC. The reactant was conducted using high-pressure pump, therefor passed into a nozzle inside of the reactor, so that the mist conditions was achieved. The reactant in the mist form flowed into the reactor with operating temperature in the reactor varied between 300 oC to 700 oC at atmospheric pressure, causing the cracking process. The products was passed through water coolant then stored in liquid phase. Furthermore, the analysis carried out included ASTM distillation, density, and gas chromatography (GC). Based on data of experimental results it can be concluded that biogasoline can be produced from methyl ester with relatively good condition at the reaction temperature of 400 oC and methyl ester-catalyst ratio of 150:1. The biogasoline product has density 0.855 g/ml and the yield ranges from 10% to 15%. The further effort is to increase the yield of biogasoline product. Key words: renewable energy sources, methyl ester, cracking, biogasoline.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: 600 Teknologi
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Wikan Pinandhito
    Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2011 07:50
    Last Modified: 13 Jul 2011 07:50
    URI: http://repository.upnyk.ac.id/id/eprint/554

    Actions (login required)

    View Item